Articulating bones examples

Lee reseñas de productos y encuentra el que mejor se ajuste a tus necesidade ARTICULATIONS (JOINTS) An articulation or joint is any interface between two bones. Arthr- is the common prefix or term relating to joints. *For example: Arthrology, Arthritis, Arthroscope, Arthropod (jointed foot The singular form is diarthrosis. In this type of joint, the ends of the opposing bones are covered with hyaline cartilage, the articular cartilage, and they are separated by a space called the joint cavity. The components of the joints are enclosed in a dense fibrous joint capsule. The outer layer of the capsule consists of the ligaments that. Chapter 10 An articulation or joint is any interface between two bones. Arthr- is the common prefix or term relating to joints. For example: Arthrology, Arthritis, Arthroscope, Arthropod (jointed foot The articulating bone will slide into and out of the notch, guiding the range of motion of the joint. Examples include the trochlear notch on the ulna, radial notch of the ulna, suprasternal notch, and the mandibular notch. Ramus - The curved part of a bone that gives structural support to the rest of the bone

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In anatomy, articulation refers to movement of adjacent bones around a joint between them. When used as a noun, articulation is synonymous with the term joint itself. An example can be seen in the acetabulofemoral articulation, or hip joint, where the femur bone in the thigh articulates with the pelvic bones in the hip Examples of this include the articular discs found at the sternoclavicular joint or between the distal ends of the radius and ulna bones. At other synovial joints, the disc can provide shock absorption and cushioning between the bones, which is the function of each meniscus within the knee joint A fossa is a depression in the bone surface which is often broad and shallow. It may support brain structures, or receive another articulating bone. The temporal  fossa is one example. It is one of the largest landmarks on the skull, serving as an origin site for the temporal muscle . Fovea refers to a pit or depression - similar to a. Functionally, condyloid joints are biaxial joints that allow for two planes of movement. Shoulder Other forms of arthritis are associated with various autoimmune diseases, bacterial infections of the joint, or unknown genetic causes

Hyaline cartilage between articulating bones. Examples are the ribs and sternum as well as the epiphytes of a long bone and diaphysis. Most of these joints are present only in an immature skeleton, they eventually disappear as bones fuse together Articulating Surfaces The ankle joint is formed by three bones; the tibia and fibula of the leg, and the talus of the foot: The tibia and fibula are bound together by strong tibiofibular ligaments. Together, they form a bracket shaped socket, covered in hyaline cartilage Articulating bones are humerus and scapula (the clavicle is not part of the shoulder joint). Allows a great range of movement in all directions. Many muscles are used to move the shoulder joint,.. A joint, also called an articulation, is any place where adjacent bones or bone and cartilage come together (articulate with each other) to form a connection.Joints are classified both structurally and functionally. Structural classifications of joints take into account whether the adjacent bones are strongly anchored to each other by fibrous connective tissue or cartilage, or whether the.

A synovial joint connects bones with a fibrous joint capsule that is continuous with the bones' periosteum. This joint capsule constitutes the outer boundary of a synovial cavity and surrounds the bones' articulating surfaces. Synovial cavities are filled with synovial fluid. The knees and elbows are examples of synovial joints These joints doesn't permit movement and the bones are articulated by tough fibrous tissue.Examples of such bones are sutural bones etc.They are also called Synarthroses

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Synovial Joint : Classification, Definition & Examples

Bones are united by cartilage and there is no cavity between the bones. 1). Synchondrosis hyaline cartilage unites the bones at the junction of cartilage . 2). Symphyses Articulating bones are separated by a fluid-containing joint cavity. IV). Structure of Synovial Joints. A). Articular Cartilage Examples of Joints. A). Knees Joint . B. Convex end of bone that moves within a socket joint; Joint motion is determined by how the body of the joint is shaped. Socket joint. Concave end of bone in which the articular head moves; Articular surface: Surface of articulating bone that is covered with articular cartilage; Articulating bones are connected to one another via articular surfaces

No movement is possible. • A secondary cartilaginous joint is one in which the bones are united by a plate of fibrocartilage and the articular surfaces of the bones are covered by a thin layer of hyaline cartilage • Examples are the joints between the vertebral bodies and the symphysis pubis. A small amount of movement is possible. 6 the hyaline is a smooth cartilage covering on the end of the articulating bone (the bones in the joint) to add protection and aid movement. the ligaments provide support for the joint. They may run through the capsule or run round the sides. They are elastic, but will reduce in effectiveness when torn or over stretch

Articulations (Joints

  1. What is an example of articulation? Articulation is defined as the act of speaking clearly. An example of articulation is when a spelling teacher places careful emphasis on each syllable of a word in order for students to hear the sounds in the word. An example of articulation is a knee which is between the bones in the calf and thigh
  2. Give 2 examples of synarthrotic joints and describe the articulating bones and connective tissue connecting these bones. Synarthrotic joint structure and types: Synarthrotic joints are joints with.
  3. The origin is the point of attachment to bone that doesn't move, while insertion moves the bone during contraction. Types of Articulation Flexion and extension are opposite movements of a limb

Articulations SEER Trainin

Such examples include the vertebra, ribs and spine. In the spine articulation, the bones that form the joints are coated with cartilage and joined together by interosseous and peripheral ligaments that only allow the execution of some movements. Slightly movable joints are a part of the skeletal system and include the joints between the. Structures of the Wrist Joint Articulating Surfaces. The wrist joint is formed by: Distally - The proximal row of the carpal bones (except the pisiform).; Proximally - The distal end of the radius, and the articular disk (see below). The ulna is not part of the wrist joint - it articulates with the radius, just proximal to the wrist joint, at the distal radioulnar joint

  1. An example is the squamous suture where the temporal bone meets the sphenoid and parietal bones. The beveled edge of the temporal bone. Plane (butt) sutures occur where two bones have straight nonoverlapping edges. The two bones merely border on each other, like two boards glued together in a butt joint
  2. The cube-shaped short bones include the carpals, tarsals, metacarpals, metatarsals, and phalanges. Sesamoid bones are small bones that are embedded in some tendons. Patella (kneecap) is an example of a sesamoid bone. Irregular bones, as the name suggests, have an irregular shape. Hyoid bone and the vertebrae are examples of irregular bones
  3. We continue our look at your bones and skeletal system, skipping over the silly kid's song in favor of a more detailed look at your axial and appendicular sk..
  4. For example, the epiphyseal plates present at each end of the long bones is responsible for bone growth in children. The symphysis or the secondary cartilaginous joints (the place where bones join) is permanent. Examples include the pubic symphysis. Other examples of cartilaginous types of joints include the spinal column and the ribcage
  5. Articulate definition is - expressing oneself readily, clearly, and effectively; also : expressed in such a manner. How to use articulate in a sentence
  6. The pads of fibrocartilage located between the articulating ends of bones in some diarthroses are called: MENISCI: Menisci are: FIBROCARTILAGE PADS: The knee joint is an example of a: HINGE JOINT: An example of pivot joint is the: HEAD OF THE RADIUS ARTICULATING WITH THE ULNA: The distal end of the radius articulating with the carpal bones is.

Any place where two bones meet is called an articulation (or joint). It might help you to remember that a person is articulate when she/he can string words together (making joints!) well. Don't forget that bones are used for more than movement, so the range of motion is going to vary a great deal, with the least amount of motion in those bones that are mainly for protection Structural Features of Synovial Joints. Synovial joints are characterized by the presence of a joint cavity. The walls of this space are formed by the articular capsule, a fibrous connective tissue structure that is attached to each bone just outside the area of the bone's articulating surface.The bones of the joint articulate with each other within the joint cavity

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In Anatomy, what is Articulation? (with pictures

Synovial joints are characterized by the presence of a joint cavity. The walls of this space are formed by the articular capsule, a fibrous connective tissue structure that is attached to each bone just outside the area of the bone's articulating surface. The bones of the joint articulate with each other within the joint cavity The structure of the skull is a highly detailed and complex design. In all, there are 22 bones comprising the entire skull, excluding the 3 pairs of ossicles located in the inner ear. The bones of the skull are highly irregular. Most of the bones of the skull are held together by firm, immovable fibrous joints called sutures or synarthroses. These joints allow the developing skull to grow both. The primary purpose of the synovial joint is to prevent friction between the articulating bones of the joint cavity. While all synovial joints are diarthroses, the extent of movement varies among different subtypes and is often limited by the ligaments that connect the bones These joints can be described as planar, hinge, pivot, condyloid, saddle, or ball-and-socket joints. Figure 38.3 C. 1: Types of synovial joints: The six types of synovial joints allow the body to move in a variety of ways. (a) Pivot joints allow for rotation around an axis, such as between the first and second cervical vertebrae, which allows.

9.4 Synovial Joints - Anatomy & Physiolog

Articular cartilage is usually found in layers of between 2 and 4 mm thick. As with all types of cartilage, the absence of blood vessels and lymph vessels creates a very slow metabolic environment. Chondrocyte proliferation and apoptosis (death) exists at much lower rates than in noncartilagenous connective tissue.Low levels of oxygen mean chondrocytes primarily depend upon anaerobic metabolism The most common type of joint, the synovial joint, features a fluid-filled space between smooth cartilage pads at the end of articulating bones. Surrounding the joint is a capsule of tough dense irregular connective tissue lined with synovial membrane Synovial joints. A joint is a place where two or more bones meet and is also called an articulation. The role of joints and connective tissue . Connective tissues consist of ligaments, cartilage. Lap suture: The edge of one bone overlaps another articulating bone . Syndesmoses are fixed joints between two long bones. An example of a syndesmosis is the joint of the tibia and fibula in the ankle. Movement in these types is determined by the length of the connective tissue fibers. Finally, gomphoses refer to joints between the tooth roots.

A bone is a rigid tissue that constitutes part of the skeleton in most vertebrate animals. Bones protect the various organs of the body, produce red and white blood cells, store minerals, provide structure and support for the body, and enable mobility.Bones come in a variety of shapes and sizes and have a complex internal and external structure Coxal Articulation or Hip-joint (Articulatio Coxæ) This articulation is an enarthrodial or ball-and-socket joint, formed by the reception of the head of the femur into the cup-shaped cavity of the acetabulum. The articular cartilage on the head of the femur, thicker at the center than at the circumference, covers the entire surface with the. Movement Analysis. Detailed analysis of movement is a complex activity requiring sophisticated equipment. However, the fundamental analysis of motion can be done visually and should involve the following: A description of the actual actions which occur at the joints involved. The plane (s) in which the movement occurs Define articulating. articulating synonyms, articulating pronunciation, articulating translation, English dictionary definition of articulating. adj. 1. Composed of distinct, meaningful syllables or words: articulate speech. the ankle bone articulates with the leg bones to form the ankle bones link up, connect, link, unite,. 1) presence or absence of space between the articulating bones, called a synovial cavity. 2) the type of connective tissue that binds the bones together


Digital Book--$39. This manual is used to prepare and articulate the skeletons of whales larger than a dolphin but smaller than the great whales. It contains the instructions, tips, and methods used for articulating whales from 10 to 25-feet in length, based on the author's 40-year history with whale skeletons of this size range. Printed Manual. An example of an interosseous fibrous joint is _____. A) the clavicle and the scapula at the distal ends B) between the humerus and the glenoid cavity structure and shape of the articulating bone C) number of bones in the joint Decks in Anatomy Exam #3 Class (20): Chapter 7 Part 1 Chapter 7 Part 2 Chapter 7 Part 3 Chapter 7 Part Carpal Bone Joints. All the joints involving the carpal bones are synovial joints, where the articulation surface has a flexible cartilage layer, along with a fluid lining to allow for better freedom of movement [22].. The Radiocarpal Joint: Those between the radius and the proximal carpal bones (except pisiform) [8]. Intercarpal Joints: Articulations between the carpal bones in hand are an. Hinge Joint. A hinge joint is a common class of synovial joint that includes the ankle, elbow, and knee joints. Hinge joints are formed between two or more bones where the bones can only move along one axis to flex or extend. The simplest hinge joints in the body are the interphalangeal joints found between the phalanges of the fingers and toes

'A sesamoid bone may be found in the superior peroneal retinaculum, articulating with the lateral malleolus.' 'The femur, in the thigh, articulates at the hip joint with the pelvic girdle, linking the legs to the vertebral column via the sacro-iliac joints. Fibrocartilaginous joints, usually occurring in the midline. Examples in human anatomy would be the intervertebral discs, and the pubic symphysis. Articulating bones at a symphasis are covered with hyaline cartilage and have a thick, fairly compressable pad of fibrocartilage between them. 13

Motion, the process of movement, is described using specific anatomical terms.Motion includes movement of organs, joints, limbs, and specific sections of the body.The terminology used describes this motion according to its direction relative to the anatomical position of the joints. Anatomists use a unified set of terms to describe most of the movements, although other, more specialized terms. S. Tarafder, C.H. Lee, in In Situ Tissue Regeneration, 2016 Introduction. A synovial joint is the most common joint in mammals, and it allows for more movement of articulating bones than other joints such as synarthroses, sutures, syndesmoses, or gomphoses. Anatomically, a synovial joint is a solid organ consisting of articular cartilage, synovium, perichondrium, and subchondral bone. Condyle definition, the smooth surface area at the end of a bone, forming part of a joint. See more What does articulating mean? Present participle of articulate. (verb) Dictionary Articulating Sentence Examples Sire, Lower extremity of the fibula represented by a distinct malleolar bone articulating with the outer surface of the lower end of the tibia

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A long bone is a drop from various monsters, usually those that drop big bones with some exceptions, at a universal rate of 1/400. When a human finishes growing these parts fuse together. Long bone diagram blank human skeleton template. The diaphysis and the epiphysis. A long bone is a bone that has greater length than width What joint is used at the ankle and list the articulating bones. At the ankle a hinge joint is used to create movement and the articulating bones that feature here are the tibia, fibula and the talus. What joint features at the knee and list the articulating bones that occur

Bones forming an immovable joint, or synarthrosis (sin-ar-thro'-sis), are tightly joined and are separated by a thin band of dense connective tissue or a thin layer of hyaline cartilage.For example, skull bones, except the mandible, are joined by dense connective tissue called sutures because they resemble stitches.The joints between bones and teeth are also immovable joints separated by. Articulating surfaces and menisci. Other bones, muscles, or fat pads. Tendons of articulating bones. Figure 9-1a The Structure of a Synovial Joint. Synovial joint, sagittal section. example of linear. movement. The pencil. remains vertical, but. tip moves away from. point of origin

Joints - Synovial (Older Students)

articulating bones examples - sedovo

  1. Cartilage covers the articulating surfaces of the two bones, but the bones are actually held together by ligaments. The knee is a synovial joint. Figure \(\PageIndex{2}\): The synovial membrane, articular capsule, joint cavity with synovial fluid, articular cartilage, and bone ends are the main components of a typical synovial joint
  2. Definition. Arthrokinematics refers to the movement of joint surfaces.. The angular movement of bones in the human body occurs as a result of a combination of rolls, spins, and slides. A roll is a rotary movement, one bone rolling on another.; A spin is a rotary movement, one body spinning on another.; A slide is a translatory movement, sliding of one joint surface over another
  3. Synovial joints have a high range of motion because of a space between the articulating bones, which is filled with synovial fluid. The contact area of each bone is covered with a layer of cartilage, wich is elastically deformable, to protect it from pressure, friction and other forces
  4. The skeleton is the body's frame. It provides the foundation to which other structures cling and helps to create our shape. All of the bones of the skeleton can be categorized into four types: short, long, flat, and irregular. Each type of bone serves a particular purpose and some types have more than one function
  5. Fibrous joints are articulating surfaces linked together with tough fibrous connections. One example is the suture lines in the skull, where bones that were initially separate have become fused together (synostosis) to form one bone (Danning, 2019)

Cranial bone anatomy can be confusing when we consider the various terms used to describe different areas. The following words are often used incorrectly; this list gives their true meaning: Skull or cranium: all bones of the head, from the top of the head to the hyoid bone (tongue bone). The cranium is the sum of the cranial and facial bones, as well as the bony part of the larynx The articulating ends of the bones in a synovial joint are covered by a synovial membrane. Definition False; Bones in synovial joints are covered with articular cartilage and are separated by a cavity that contains synovial fluid Examples: Symphysis pubis between the right and left pubic bones. Manubriosternal articulation between the sternal body and the manubrium. Intervertebral discs. Sínfisis sacrococcígea. Spine. The joints of the spine, like other typical joints, involve the joining of two or more bones The hip bones, connected by the pubic symphysis, and the vertebrae, connected by intervertebral discs, are two examples of symphyses. Synovial Joints. Synovial joints are characterized by the presence of an articular capsule between the two joined bones. Bone surfaces at synovial joints are protected by a coating of articular cartilage

Bone: Location: Marking: Description: Humerus . Smooth rounded proximal end of the bone. Head. Articulates at the glenoid fossa to form the shoulder joint . Large projection located lateral to head. Greater tubercle. Attachment point of supraspinatous, infraspinatous, and teres major (rotator cuff) Lateral to the humeral head on anterior. Bones of the SI Joint . Like most joints of the body, the sacroiliac is comprised of two bones, namely, the sacrum and the ilium. In front, it is classified as diarthrodial joint (which means it is a freely movable type of joint) comprised of the sacrum and the two hip bones in the back Large thin flat bone articulating with the clavicle and the humerus to form the shoulder; numerous shoulder and back muscles are attached to it. leg Example of a pivot joint, between the fibula and the tibia The middle long shaft of a long bone is the diaphysis.Either end of the long bone where it articulates with another bone it is expanded and the ends are called epiphyses (sing. epiphysis).: Except where the bone has a moveable articulation with another bone the bone is covered by a sheath of dense connective tissue called the periosteum.The surface of a moveable articulation is covered by.

Anatomy Chapter 9: Articulations Flashcards Quizle

Examples of this form of articulation are found in the hip and shoulder. Arthrodia ( gliding joints ) is a joint which admits of only gliding movement; it is formed by the apposition of plane surfaces, or one slightly concave, the other slightly convex, the amount of motion between them being limited by the ligaments or osseous processes. Chapter 9: Skeletal System: Articulations Classification of Joints: A joint, or an articulation, is the place of contact between bones, between bone and cartilage, or between bones and teeth Joints are classified by both their structural characteristics and their functional characteristics, which are the movements they allow o Joints are categorized structurally on the basis of whether a space.

Examples: Here is an example of the start of a fishbone diagram that shows sample categories to consider, along with some sample causes. Here is an example of a completed fishbone diagram, showing information entered for each of the four categories agreed upon by this team. Note, as each category is explored, teams may not always identif Skeletal muscles that produce movement are attached to two bones that articulate, or meet. When movement occurs at any given joint, only one of the articulating bones will move. The stationary bone is known as the point of origin for the skeletal muscle. The bone that moves is considered the point of insertion for the muscle Articulation. A smooth, flat, slightly concave or convex articular surface. Articular facets of the vertebrae. Term. What is a head? Type, description, example. Definition. Articulation. The prominent expanded end of a bone, sometimes rounded

The Ankle Joint - Articulations - Movements - TeachMeAnatom

Examples of this joint type that are slightly movable are the pubic symphysis of the pelvis and the intervertebral joints of the spinal column, where the articulating bone surfaces are connected by pads (discs) of fibrocartilage The vertebrae and tarsal bones of the feet are also examples of planar joint. (2) Hinge joint - The purpose of hinge joint is to allow the movement of the bone while the other bone remained stationary. The slightly rounded end of the bone perfectly fits into the end of another bone. An example of hinge joint is the elbow

Four important synovial joints - Skeletal system - OCR

Arthrokinematics differs from Osteokinematics - in general Osteokinematics means bone movement and Arthrokinematics joint movement. The angular movement of bones in the human body occurs as a result of a combination of rolls, spins, and slides. A roll is a rotary movement, one bone rolling on another condylar joint ( condyloid joint) one in which an ovoid head of one bone moves in an elliptical cavity of another, permitting all movements except axial rotation; this type is found at the wrist, connecting the radius and carpal bones, and at the base of the index finger. See illustration. diarthrodial joint synovial joint Hinge Joint Examples in Anatomy. A hinge joint, also known as a ginglymus, is a joint in the bones of an animal or person that allows movement in one direction. Hinge joints include ankles, elbows, fingers, knees, and toes. These joints are formed when two or more bones meet and move along an axis to bend. Consider how our elbows bend when we. A joint is the part of the body where two or more bones meet to allow movement. Every bone in the body - except for the hyoid bone in the throat - meets up with at least one other bone at a joint. The shape of a joint depends on its function. A joint is also known as an articulation. Generally speaking, the more movement that is possible.

9.1 Classification of Joints - Anatomy & Physiolog

The bones at these joints form what looks like a rider on a saddle. One bone is turned inward at one end, while the other is turned outward. An example of a saddle joint is the thumb joint between the thumb and palm. Plane Joint: Bones at this type of joint slide past each other in a gliding motion The articular capsule is fibrous and continuous with the periosteum of articulating bones, surrounding the diarthrosis and uniting the articulating bones. The articular capsule also consists of two layers: (1) the outer fibrous membrane that may contain ligaments and (2) the inner synovial membrane that secretes the lubricating, shock-absorbing. Examples in which the gap between the bones is narrow include the pubic symphysis and the manubriosternal joint. At the pubic symphysis, the pubic portions of the right and left hip bones of the pelvis are joined together by fibrocartilage across a narrow gap. Similarly, at the manubriosternal joint, fibrocartilage unites the manubrium and body. The joint surfaces resemble geometric figures and may be spherical, ellipsoidal, saddle-shaped, or flat. Joints may be movable, for example, the spherical shoulder joint, or immovable, for example, the joint between a rib and the sternum. The range of joint movements is measured in the degrees of the angles formed by the articulating bones

Types of Joints | The Skeleton & Bones | Anatomy & Physiology

Classification of Joints Boundless Anatomy and Physiolog

Examples. Condyle: Medial and lateral condyle are examples of condyle. Epicondyle: Medial and lateral condyle of the humerus and femur are examples of epicondyle. Conclusion. Condyle and epicondyle are two structures of the long bones in animals. The condyle is a large, rounded structure, which articulates the bone to another bone Synarthrosis type of joints provide a strong union between the articulating surfaces and has little or no movement. The sutures and the manubriosternal joint are an example of synarthrosis joints. An amphiarthrosis type of joint has a little mobility compare to the synarthrosis type of joints. The symphysis pubis in the pelvis, and the bodies of adjacent vertebrae example of amphiarthrosis joint 6 Normal Variants and Anomalies ROBERT A. CHRISTMAN Thirty bones compose the foot and ankle complex. (This number includes the distal tibia and fibula and the two sesamoids at the first metatarsophalangeal joint.) The previous chapter described the expected radiographic appearance of each bone in the many views available. However, variations in their appearance ar Cartilaginous joints are a type of joint where the bones are entirely joined by cartilage, either hyaline cartilage or fibrocartilage. These joints generally allow more movement than fibrous joints but less movement than synovial joints.. Primary cartilaginous joint These cartilaginous joints are composed entirely of hyaline cartilage and are known as synchondroses A condyle is a rounded protrusion at the end of a bone which is designed to facilitate articulation with another bone. One of the most famous examples of a condyle is the knuckle; the knuckles of the hands are wide because the finger bones flare out to form condyles to articulate with the neighboring bones

Classification of joints - All Medical Stuf

Cartilage, cartilage is a tough, resilient material, found in various sites but especially important in large weight-bearing joints as it lines the articulating Symphysis, symphysis (sim-fi-sis) n. 1. a joint in which the bones are separated by fibrocartilage, which minimizes movement and makes the bony structure rigid. Hip, hip The hip joint is an example of a 'ball and socket. A synovial joint, also known as a diarthrosis, is the most common and most movable type of joint in the body of a mammal. Synovial joints achieve movement at the point of contact of the articulating bones. Structural and functional differences distinguish synovial joints from cartilaginous joints (synchondroses and symphyses) and fibrous joints.

Surface Features of BonesChapter 8: Skeletal System Anatomy - Anatomy & Physiology4a

Match the articulating surfaces of the bones at the hip joint, the bones at the knee joint, and at the ankle. For example: at the hip, the head of the femur articulates with the acetabulum of the os coxa The carpal bone is located in the upper extremity of the human skeleton. The bones are the joining bridge between the ulna and radius and the metacarpals. The radius is articulated with the wrist bone on the proximal side. The metacarpals are articulated on the distal surface of the carpal bones. Carpal Bones Location There is a speech disorder that involves difficulties in articulating specific types of sounds. This is called as Articulation disorder and it often involves the substitution of one sound for another, slurring of speech or indistinct speech. Usually Speech therapy is the treatment of such articulation disorders. Know the types, signs, symptoms, treatment and diagnosis of articulation disorder The carpal bones, also known as the carpus (plural: carpi), are the eight bones of the wrist that form the articulation of the forearm with the hand.They are usually divided into two rows: proximal row. scaphoid; lunate; triquetrum; pisiform distal row. trapezium; trapezoid; capitate; hamate; The names and order of these bones can be remembered through various mnemonics